- 1 decade agoBest answer
What Are the Treatments?
There is no cure for myasthenia gravis, but it is treated with medications and sometimes surgery. You may be put on a medication called pyridostigmine that increases the amount of acetylcholine available to stimulate the receptors. Prednisone and other immunosuppressant drugs, like azathioprine, cyclosporine, or cyclophosphamide, may be given to slow down the production of anti-acetylcholine antibodies.
Research is under way to determine if another immunosuppressant, mycophenolate mofetil (CellCept), is as effective. Initial results look promising and show it to be effective and to have fewer side effects than do azathioprine and cyclosporine.
In severe cases, you may need to have your blood sent through a special machine that removes the antibody-containing plasma and replaces it with antibody-free plasma. This is called plasmapheresis. You may also be given a preparation called immunoglobulin through a needle in a vein.
If you have a thymoma, you will need surgery to remove your thymus. In fact, your doctor may recommend that you undergo this surgery even if no tumor is present because removal of the thymus seems to improve symptoms in many patients.
If you begin to have difficulty breathing due to weakness of the respiratory muscles, you may need to be admitted to the hospital intensive care unit and placed temporarily on a respirator. Myasthenic crisis often occurs when you develop a severe infection, so you'll probably need to be treated with antibiotics as well.
Situations that affect myasthenia gravis include:
changes in thyroid function.
Certain medications can exacerbate symptoms of myasthenia gravis, including:
antibiotics (particularly those called aminoglycosides).
some drugs used to treat heart arrhythmias.
Some women notice that their symptoms worsen around the time of their menstrual period. Pregnancy's effect on myasthenia gravis is unpredictable; about one-third of all woman have an improvement in their symptoms, one-third have no change, and one-third suffer an exacerbation.
How Can I Prevent Myasthenia Gravis?
There are no known ways to prevent myasthenia gravis. If you already have the condition, take these steps to avoid an exacerbation:
Try to prevent infections by careful hygiene and avoiding sick people.
Treat infections promptly.
Do not become overheated or too chilled.
Learn effective methods of dealing with stress in your life.
- SheenaLv 44 years ago
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