"Jurisdictions which recognize Roman Catholicism as their state or official religion:
Some cantons of Switzerland (state religion):
Appenzell Innerrhoden (declared "religion of the people of Appenzell Innerrhoden")
Vatican City (official religion)
Jurisdictions which recognize one of the Eastern Orthodox Churches as their state religion:
Cyprus (Cypriot Orthodox Church)
Greece (Church of Greece)
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Finland: Finnish Orthodox Church has a special relationship with the Finnish state. The internal structure of the church is described in the Orthodox Church Act. The church has a power to tax her members and corporations, the majority of which is owned by them. The church does not consider herself a state church, as the state does not have the authority to affect her internal workings or theology.
Jurisdictions which recognize a Lutheran church as their state religion:
Denmark (Church of Denmark)
Iceland (Church of Iceland)
Norway (Church of Norway)
Finland: Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland has a special relationship with the Finnish state, its internal structure being described in a special law, the Church Act. The Church Act can be amended only by a decision of the Synod of the Evengelical Lutheran Church and subsequent ratification by the parliament. The church has a power to tax her members and all corporations, except those the majority of which is owned by members of the Finnish Orthodox Church. The state collects these taxes for the church, for a fee. On the other hand, the church is required to give a burial place for everyone in her graveyards. The church does not consider herself a state church, as the Finnish state does not have a possibility to affect her internal workings or her theology, although it has a veto in those changes of the internal structure which require changing the Church Act. Neither does the Finnish state accord any precendence to Lutherans or the Lutheran faith in its own acts.
Jurisdictions that recognise an Anglican church as their state religion:
England (Church of England)
Jurisdictions which recognize a Reformed church as their state religion:
Some cantons of Switzerland (Swiss Reformed Church):
Scotland – the Church of Scotland is the national church, but is not a "state church" and has complete independence from the state in spiritual matters, thus being both established and free.p.161
Jurisdictions which recognize an Old Catholic church as their state religion:
Some cantons of Switzerland (Christian Catholic Church):
Countries which recognize Islam as their official religion:
Afghanistan (State religion)
Egypt (State religion)
Iran (State religion)
Pakistan (State religion)
Palestinian National Authority
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (State religion)
Saudi Arabia (Religion of the Kingdom)
Somaliland (Religion of the nation)
United Arab Emirates (Religion of the Kingdom)
Pakistan (as National-sanctioned religion)
Saudi Arabia (as state-sanctioned religion)
Iran (as state-sanctioned religion)
Buddhism as state religion
Governments which recognize Buddhism as their official religion:
Bhutan (Drukpa Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism)
Cambodia (Theravada Buddhism)
Kalmykia, a republic within the Russian Federation (Tibetan Buddhism - sole Buddhist entity in Europe)
Sri Lanka (Theravada Buddhism - The constitution accords Buddhism the "foremost place," but Buddhism is not recognized as the state religion. )
Tibet Government in Exile (Gelugpa school of Tibetan Buddhism)
Myanmar- written in the 1974 constitution
Nepal was the world's only Hindu state, but in order to negotiate with Maoist rebels they dropped the status as a Hindu state.
Israel is defined in several of its laws as a democratic Jewish state. However, the term "Jewish" is a polyseme that can relate equally to the Jewish people or religion. The debate about the meaning of the term Jewish and its legal and social applications (considering that it comes alongside the term "democratic") is one of the most profound issues with which Israeli society deals. At present, Israel cannot be said to have an established religion. However, the State of Israel supports religious institutions, particularly Orthodox Jewish ones, and recognizes Orthodox Jewish, Muslim, Christian and Druze religious courts as official state courts for personal status matters (see millet system). The structure and goals of the Chief Rabbinate of Israel are governed by Israeli law, but the law does not say explicitly that it is a state Rabbinate. Non-recognition of other streams of Judaism is the cause of some controversy. As of 2007, there is no civil marriage in Israel.
The United States and other countries indirectly fund religions of different denominations by granting tax-exempt status to churches and religious institutions which qualify as charitable organizations."
· 1 decade ago