After Black death killed between 30-60% of Europes population Europe was not a desirable place and they wanted to find a quicker route to Asia as they needed to re build Europe again. Most who died were peasants so the ones who survived were at a considerable wealth the majority of the population and had less people to share the money with ie today GDP per capita. So these are three
Europeans knew about Africa they had seen black people from before they could remember black people would come as far as Britain to trade and also the moors etc they knew. But what they didnt know was how Africa below the Sahara looked like as no European had gone there thats why they called it the dark continent. And thats the fourth reason:
Black Death toll
Quicker route to Asia
Less people more wealth shared
Africa a mystery.
By then the age of European exploration began. Poturgal then found themselves off the coast of West Africa and were buying slaves from 1440 and shipping them back to Portugal by 1482 established their first trading port in modern day Ghana.
1493 Christopher Columbus returns first venture to the Americas (Caribbean) By the 1520s were Europeans begining to colonize the Americas.
But labour was down European diseases were killing of the Native Americans and European migration was not favourable to Europeans at the time and many didnt so Europeans began to ship Africans in to replace the short number of labour and replace dropping Native American populations. There was no meetings or nothing it gradually happened and more countries got involed and it expaned into the worlds most cruel and greedy trade the Triangle Trade.
Europeans built ports on African coasts mostly West and shipped in natural materials made in Europe and sold to anyone who would give them captives or gold in return which African Kings and kidnappers supplied These Europeans involved were called merchants.
Most Africans came from deep interior of Africa and were forced on weeks journeys to the coast to be sold. They were caught through slavery provoked wars, kidnapping vunrable children or the jsutice system such as crimes of murder these people becam captives and marched to the nearests European built ports on African coast to be sold.
On these European ports they had castle where the newly arrived captives would await to be shipped away unknowingly. When a ship arrived would the captives be sorted on the beach for the healthy and suitable to be sold to the ship men and placed on naked, onto the ship which could hold over 200 but more heavily packed in.
They were then shipped across the Atlantic to various destinations in the Americas where they would be sold into lifelong slavery.
Europe bought 32,000,000 Africans
Portugal 35.4% 11,328,000
Britain 24.8% 7,936,000
Spain 22.1% 7,072,000
France 14.1% 4,512,000
Netherlands 4.4% 14,080,00
Denmark 0.2% 64,000
Africa kidnapped 40,000,000 Africans
Nigeria 22% 8,800,000
Democratic Republic of Congo 20% 8,000,000
Ghana: 10.3% 4,120,000
Republic of Congo 6.3% 2,520,000
Cameroon: 5% 2,000,000
Senegal: 4% 1,600,000
Benin: 4% 1,600,000
Mozambique 3% 1,200,000
Guinea 2.4% 960,000
Togo 2.1% 840,000
Equatorial Guinea: 2% 800,000
Madagascar: 1.6% 640,000
Sierra Leone: 1% 400,000
Cote d' Ivoire: 1% 400,000
The Gambia: 0.8% 320,000
Liberia 0.7% 280,000
Gabon: 0.6% 240,000
Guinea-Bissau 0.2% 80,000
32,000,000 African captives Left Africa
17,000,000 Died during the middle passage the Atlantic
North, Central & South America bought 15,000,000 Africans
South & Central America- 51.6% 7,740,000
Caribbean- 42.8% 6,420,000
North America (Today USA)- 5.6% 840,000
Death toll: 25,000,000
Survive to Americas: 15,000,000