The vitamin K is intended to prevent a catastrophic illness that occurs in about 1 in 10,000 babies. It is a birth defect of the liver that results in massive brain bleeds due to its inability to produce clotting factor. Vitamin K 100% prevents the early and more often fatal form of this illness. In addition, it appears to reduce deaths and injuries from intracranial bleeds from other causes. There is no way to identify which baby may have this illness. In Australia, they allowed moms to choose the drops instead of the injection. Now 2 children, who had the illness, are permanently damaged as a result of not getting the injection. Therefore, they no longer permit the drops to be used. Formula, with added vit. K does not prevent early onset disease, which is why all infants receive the injection. I have a disease that only 1 in 250,000 people get. As a result, I lost eyesight in one eye and every day, wonder if I will wake up blind in the other. It sucks to be the unlucky person. The goop in the baby's eyes is an antibiotic ointment. The law states that it is to prevent infection in the infant's eyes by gonorrhea and chlamydia. If you don't have either of these, the ointment is unnecessary. The argument about 'other bacteria' is just garbage in, garbage out. Doctors, however, are stuck by the law, so push for it. They also can't understand why one would object to the ointment. Yes, you can refuse both. The hospital will be required to contact CPS and they will come and talk to you about why you are refusing. They are not going to take your baby away, but some are downright rude. Ask them to show you the law (it helps if you have a copy of it). In some states, there is no law - it is merely accepted policy to do so. Don't be intimidated. I expect to be having a repeat c-section. I'm fine with the Vit K shot, but no ointment and no Hep B. Poster THREENORNS - your link with information is out of date. There are several studies that have already shown that neither drops or even formula (which has Vit K) will prevent early onset disease. Increased Vit K in breastfeeding mom will likely prevent latent disease (which can occur as late as 1 year old).