Who diverted the flow of slaves intended for Europeans, what was the color of those slaves, and where were those slaves all sent?

Update: Update: There was a lack of a biological marker
applied to all colors prior to 1400 A.D. So, while
all colors might be found enslaved what ethnicity
did 'SLAVE' denote for European buyers ?
Update 2: As to who diverted the flow to European Kingdoms
consider why we do not have two Catholic Popes
today .
7 answers 7