How did Alexander the Great Destroy Thebes?
Did he burn the city or did he ransack all the buildings and smash windows etc. I need this for my history speech!!!
- Greg ToolsonLv 712 months agoFavourite answer
Arrian and Diodorus say the city was burnt and even the foundation stone of building were removed so that the landscape resemble a grazing pasture with no evidence of a city ever having been there. 6,000 Thebans were killed in the siege and the remaining 30,000 were taken into slavery while the Makedonians only suffered a loss of 500.
"Then indeed the Thebans, no longer defend-
ing themselves, were slain, not so much by the Make-
donians as by the Phokians, Plataeans and other
Boeotians, who by indiscriminate slaughter vented their
rage against them. Some were even attacked in the
houses, having there turned to defend themselves from
the enemy, and others were slain as they were suppli-
cating the protection of the gods in the temples; not
even the women and children being spared
all the territory, except what was dedicated
to the gods; and to sell into slavery the women and
children, and as many of the males as survived, except
those who were priests or priestesses, and those who
were bound to Philip or Alexander by the ties of hospi-
tality or had been public agents of the Makedonians. It
is said that Alexander preserved the house and the
descendants of Pindar the poet, out of respect for his
memory. In addition to these things, the allies de-
creed that Orkhomenus and Plataeae should be rebuilt
Most of Greece, particularly Thebes closest neighbors like Phokis and Plataea including Athens were pissed that Thebes had surrendered to the Persian over a century before and therefore allowed the destruction Athens. So a lot of the Theban destruction was vengeance driven. However the Athenians did feel bad about it afterwards, knowing what it was like to have their city destroyed, and some of the prominent Thebans found refuge in that city to the south.
- tc.brown56Lv 512 months ago
He burned the city to the ground.
- 12 months ago
With fire and brimstone
- Gray BoldLv 712 months ago
Alexander punished the Thebans severely for their rebellion. Wishing to send a message to the other Greek states, he had the 30,000 Thebans not killed in the fighting sold into slavery. The city itself was burnt to the ground, with the exception only of the house of Pindar, which Alexander ordered be left intact out of gratitude for Pindar's verses praising Alexander's ancestor, Alexander I of Macedon.