OK, first of all, I am really sorry for your pain. It must not be easy to live in a home where the most important people in your life are not at peace. Second, I agree with you, the solution is not to move out, not because of your condition (age, education and salary that you mentioned), but simply because it will not fix anything. Third, you are aiming for a burden that you cannot solve. Now, as a person who has seen the damages of this kind of situation, I want to remind you that everything that is going on is not your fault. You might see yourself as a sparkle in that devastating fire that is your father's attitude, and in that case it is in no way your fault.
People make their own happiness, and all your father is expressing is the unhappiness. I would suggest you to talk with him in good times. Try to see what are good times in his mind and what he likes to do. Also, try to figure out what he would have loved to do or accomplish, because most of the time, this kind of attitude from us men comes from an accomplishment that we missed or something that we see as broken all the time. It is mainly a communication's problem. Whenever he talks, get passed the anger and the vulgarity and the vocabulary because that's where his level of attack is right now. If you show him that you are passed that, then most likely he will be willing to open himself to you. If he loves you, he definitely will.