What makes archeologists so sure the Hisarlik site in Turkey was "Troy"?
And it seems so small and it's like 5 miles from the sea. Not exactly a lure for those searching for gold.
- CrustyCurmudgeonLv 79 months ago
Heinrich Schliemann was not the first archeologist to target Hisarlik as Troy. He was, however the most destructive when searching sites. He used steam shovels to search for storied treasures, and destroyed the integrity of any site he chose to visit.
When we visited Troy on a tour of Turkey, there was a plausible story of geological changes that made it seem possible. The dueling Trojan horses, not so much.
- BBagwindsLv 79 months ago
The sea was much closer in ancient times and the rest of the site matches the topography described in Homer. The fortress walls match those of Homer's description of Troy. The reason it seems small is that the area fortified with stone walls is only the citadel of the city; the rest of it was in the plain and was fortified with wood. Ancient sewers have been discovered under the city, again, mentioned in Homer- it's how Odysseus entered the city unknown. There is a destruction layer obviously caused by warfare since things like arrowheads and some bodies buried in the street have been found. And there are mentions of a city called "Wilusa" in the Hittite archives in this vicinity mentioning warfare between the Hittites and their allies against the Greeks. "Wilusa" is generally regarded as cognate with Homeric Greek "Wilios", later Greek "Ilios", one of the names the Greeks used for Troy.
There are numerous documentaries on Youtube about why this site is now universally recognized as Troy; if you're actually interested, I suggest you watch them. MIchael Wood did a whole series of documentaries for the BBC on this; you can access them on Youtube here: