ACUTE VIRAL HEPATITIS IS INFLAMMATION OF THE LIVER CAUSED BY INFECTION WITH THE HEPATITS VIRUS C.
The course of HC is somewhat unpredictable. The acute illness is usually mild, but liver function may improve and then worsen repeatedly for several months.
With the A and B C seems to be the likely one to become chronic-- about a 75 % chance . Through usually mild and often without symptoms H C is a serious problem because about 20% of the affected people eventually develop cirrhosis.
People with acute H may require hospitalization, however in most cases treatments are not necessary.
Chronic H is inflammation of the liver that last for over 6 month's,,chronic H , though much less common than the acute H , can persist for years; even decades. It is usually quite mild and doesn't produce any symptoms or significant liver damage. In some cases, though, continued inflammation slowly damages the liver, eventually producing cirrhosis and liver failure.
Many people have C H for yrs without developing progressive liver damage, For others, the disease gradually worsens. When this occurs and the disease is the result of viral H B or C infection, the antiviral agent interferon-alpha may stop the inflammation. However the drug is expensive, adverse effects are common, and H tends to recur once treatment is stopped. Therefore, such treatment is reserved for selected people with the infection. Ribavirin with interferon-alpha may be better treatment.
Cirrhosis is the destruction of normal liver tissue that leaves nonfunctioning scar tissue surrounding areas of functioning liver tissue.
While dialysis is an option for folks with kidney disease, no similar treatment is available for people with severe liver disease. Liver transplantation is the only option when the liver can no longer function. Some people who might have benefited from liver transplantation die before a suitable liver becomes available.
Although the success rate of liver transplantation is somewhat lower than that of kidney transplantation, 70-80 % of the recipients survive for at least a yr or so. Most of these survivors are recipients whose liver was destroyed by primary biliary cirrhosis, hepatitis or the use of a medication toxic to the liver. Liver transplantation as treatment of liver cancer is rarely successful. Surprisingly; liver transplants are rejected less vigorously than transplants of other organs, such as the kidney and heart. Nonetheless, immunosuppressants drugs must be taken after surgery, If the recipient has an enlarged liver, nausea, pain, fever, jaundice, or abnormal liver function as shown by blood test results the health care provider may preform a needle biopsy(remove a small tissue sample),then examine this under a microscope, The biopsy results help determine whether the liver is being rejected and whether the dosage of immunosuppressant drugs should be increased.