What is the main problem Plato tries to address by his Theory of Form? What do the pre-Socratics have to do with it and what s the solution?
- .....Lv 48 months ago
Is this homework?
Plato suggested the mind is subject to spirit force, an existence the physical condensed person cannot see naturally. The mind, if a thought, makes it exist.
Christ said the same thing, "if you commit adultery in your mind, you have done the same as the act in physical action." (paraphrased)Source(s): Book: "Communication With the Spirit World of God, It's Laws and Purpose" (1932) by Johannes Greber. Amazon has copies, and GodsGrandPlan.org has a PDF to read online.
- All is in AllLv 58 months ago
What is real?
In the famous art piece by Raphel, "The School of Athens" we see that Aristotle is pointing outward while Plato is pointing toward heaven. Aristotle thought that what is real is in the world, in the forms themselves, while Plato philosophized that there is realm of True or Ideal Forms.
The pre-Socratics had their own sciences or thoughts on the nature of reality. There are various Pre-Socratic philosophers that were elementalists. As you will read in any history book Democrtius is the one that got it right. He wasn't an elementalist, but an atomist.
Where is "realness"
Socrates: In the Platonic Realm.
Aristotle: In the forms themselves.
Thales: Everything is a form of water....
Democrtius: In the atoms and their swerves.
- j153eLv 78 months ago
The main question Plato is solving with his theory of Forms is that of what is the Real?
This is basically the witness or theory that God Is, and Her Creation has Ideas, including those of Ideal Forms or Patterns, which are then out-pictured in the world as forms.
For example, no one could ever think that a particular Dress Form would make them look fat, because all Dress Forms are perfect, Ideal.
Plato cleverly justifies his theory of Forms by the following logic: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analogy_of_the_divid... where Noesis is identified as Godly understanding, and the step before it, Dianoia, or geometry, etc., hints at perfect Forms. Plato says that people in geometry, maths, Dianoia, are not yet aware of God and Forms of Noesis, thus, a Dianoia level person cannot do more than intuit God from geometry, the starry heavens' majesty, etc.
The pre-Socratics are ancient Greek thinkers who variously connected the physical with the spiritual, a step further than early Greek thinkers, who tended to identify e.g. a god of fire, a goddess of springtime, etc.
Various pre-Socratic thinkers posited a single God as Creator and sustainer (Xenophanes), an eternal Energy given at that level in Forms (Parmenides), eternal Energy as flux governed by energy laws, aka the Word (Logos) (Heraclitus; this Word Logos is equivalent to Hindu dharma, that which upholds), the universe as a mathematical and harmonious construct in which souls develop and reincarnate (Pythagoras), and the universe as composed of little bitty indivisible form-things called atomos, which included soul-atoms, earth-atoms, etc. (Leucippus and Democritus)--these latter two are sometimes erroneously typed as materialists, but their theories included soul-atoms which, being perfectly round, are the highest energy atoms, and these survive the disintegration of earth-atoms called physical death, insofar as the soul-atoms' thoughts continued in a coherent fashion.
So, many types of pre-Socratic Greeks who were focused on how nature reflects God, Forms, Logos-guided energy patterns, the harmony of the spheres, and "atomic processes". Present (1995 on) physics has an emphasis on M-theory, which is a harmonious integration of superstring theories, which are like mini-harmonics of Pythagoras; and current proofs of the Higgs mechanism, which endows gauge bosons (various particles which carry various field's forces, and these particles, much smaller than Democritus' atomos (atoms), and themselves arising of these various energy fields, resemble the Logos-governed Energy flux of Heraclitus. What people call "atoms" are in fact coherent, geometrized systems of energy-flux-fields.
Some instructors may prefer to ignore the finer theoretics of e.g. a Democritus, and simply assign him into a "materialist" box, and so that's what parrot-like students may remember for a season.
- Anonymous8 months ago
Since you are apparently unable or unwilling to read the material assigned by your teacher, read this instead. All will be answered as requested - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plato%27s_ProblemSource(s): Wikipedia. Learn to use it.
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- Anonymous8 months ago
Things that are too metaphysical for a trifling peasant like you to understand