Modern World Studies Help?!?!?

How did living conditions in cities change during the Second Industrial Revolution? Respond in two or more well-organized paragraphs. Your answer should include

•    A brief definition of the Second Industrial Revolution

•    A description of urban life and the problems created by industrialization

•    Measures workers took to improve conditions

•    Technological innovations that improved urban life

1 Answer

  • 10 months ago

     The industrial revolution improved the lives of few but, made the majority of the workforce live under strikingly difficult conditions. 2.3 million people lived in the tenements in New York by the 1990's, which was almost two thirds of the population at the time.  Workers employed in factories made little money so they cared little about their living conditions and the money made in the factories barely covered the rent families paid. Working during the industrial development caused many to live basic unfilled lives.

    Families living during 1867-1914, often lived in close to the factory in which the family was employed. Due to such little pay, families would only live in the slums or tenements. A whole family would use a room designated for one to two people and use it for five to nine. Every night, they would rotate on who used the bed or pallet. They crammed people like sardines in a tin can, trash littered rooms, and filthy grime rats infested  these structures. Lighting within the tenement was often pitch black.

    Pollution in the tenements created hazardous conditions especially for the children. Sickness spread quickly with so many people living in a small space which led to many becoming gravely ill after a year of living within the buildings. It was a breeding ground for small pox, cholera, typhoid, and tuberculosis. The death rate increased from diseases during this period. These families could not afford medicines to take care of their maladies due to small incomes.

    Privacy could not be found with cheap thin walls and overcrowding. During the summer, many living in tenements would faint from heat and fatigue. The heat within the tenements would remain, and stay stagnant. Trash would blossom into a deathly smell, and horse pies on the road would stagnate the air even more. Trash from the tenements would often be tossed down air ducts as garbage chutes, making many residents close their windows from the disgusting smell. Buildings usually lacked running water, and made it difficult for families to bathe properly, as well as launder their clothing. 

    Eventually, families worked out of their small homes on top of their regular work. Women especially would take extra work back with them from the factories, as well as  make cigars. Families would work as much as they could even if meant they would receive less sleep.

    In short, it was hell on earth!

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