Suppose that a neutron in a nuclear reactor initially has an energy of 4.8 × 10^−13 J. How many head-on collisions with carbon nuclei at rest must this neutron make before its energy is reduced to 1.6 × 10^-19, assuming collisions are elastic
- Steve4PhysicsLv 73 weeks agoBest answer
Mass of carbon nucleus (6 neutrons, 6 protons) is 12u. Mass of neutron is 1u.
For a head-on collision, the velocity of the neutron is changed by a factor (1-12)/(1+12) = -0.84615 (the minus sign means direction is reversed.) E.g. see http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/elacol2...
You might need to include the derivation if not given the formula.
Since kinetic energy is proportional to speed squared, the kinetic energy reduces by a factor
(1/0.84615)² = 1.397
After n collisions the kinetic energy of the neutron reduces by a factor (4.8*10^-13) / (1.6*10^-19) = 3*10^6
Since the kinetic energy is reduced by a factor 1.397 for each collision:
1.397ⁿ = 3*10^6
nlog(1.397) = log(3*10^6)
n = log(3*10^6) / log(1.397) = 45 (to 2 sig. figs.)