Jordan asked in Science & MathematicsPhysics · 10 months ago

A thin cylindrical ring starts from rest at a height h1 = 88 m. The ring has a radius R = 18 cm and a mass M = 4 kg.?

Part (a) Write an expression for the ring's initial energy at point 1, assuming that the gravitational potential energy at point 3 is zero.

Expression :

Part (b) If the ring rolls (without slipping) all the way to point 2, what is the ring's energy at point 2 in terms of h2 and v2?

Expression :

Part (c) Given h2 = 17 m, what is the velocity of the ring at point 2 in m/s?

Part (d) What is the ring's rotational velocity in rad/s?

Part (e) After passing point 2 the hill becomes frictionless and the ring's rotational velocity remains constant. What is the linear velocity of the ring at point 3 in m/s?

3 Answers

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  • 10 months ago

    a) The initial energy is potential energy Mgh.

    b) For a ring the rotational energy is equal to the translational energy.  ie it behaves as if it has a mass of 2M  Ek = 1/2 * (2M) v^2If at point 2 there is still some potential energy then that must be added to get the total energy.

    c)  assuming that all the potential has gone to kinetice 1/2 * (2M)v^2 = M gh -> v= sqrt(gh)  where h is the difference in height between point 1 and point 2.

    d) w = v/r = sqrt( gh) / R

    I have no idea of what point 3 is.  I have assumed that point 3 is at the BOTTOM of a slope.  If it is further down the slope then for the distance below point 2 the energy would ONLY go into translation.

    ie 1/2*(2M) * v^2 = Mg(h2-h1)  and 1/2 M (v3^2-v^2) = Mg ( h3-h2)

  • alex
    Lv 7
    10 months ago

    Where's the diagram ?

  • NCS
    Lv 7
    10 months ago

    Given:

    mass M = 4 kg ♦♦ R = 18 cm = 0.18 m ♦♦ h₁ = 88 m

    (a) E₁ = M*g*h₁

    (b) "without slipping" means we have rotational and translational kinetic energy. The moment of inertia if the thin cylinder is

    I = MR²

    and so the total kinetic energy is

    KE = ½mv² + ½I(v/R)² = ½mv² + ½*MR²*(v/R)² = mv²

    and so

    E₂ = Mv₂² + M*g*h₂

    and E₂ = E₁

    in case you want to solve for v₂

    (c) dropping units for ease (v₂ is in m/s)

    4*9.8*88 = 4v₂² + 4*9.8*17

    v₂ = 26.4 m/s

    should be rounded to 2 digits

    (d) ω₂ = v₂ / R = 26.4m/s / 0.18m = 147 rad/s

    should be rounded to 150 rad/s owing to the data, IMO

    (e) M*g*h₁ = ½Mv₃² + ½*MR²*ω₂²

    since the rotational energy is unchanged from (c) and we can no longer relate v to ω.

    mass M cancels -- the rest (sans units) is

    9.8*88 = ½*v₃² + ½*0.18²*147²

    solves to

    v₃ = 32 m/s

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