Curious about the transition to state-level societies using Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley. ?
My uncle and I had a conversation about archaeology and his time in the field. Seemed very interesting, although I asked him some questions that he couldn't answer - so I decided to take it to the net.
How do archaeologists characterize what they call ‘complexity’ and the transition to state-level societies?
*in not using
- Gray BoldLv 71 month ago
Civilization refers to human cultures that are complex in terms of technology, science, and division of labor. They are often measured by their progress in agriculture, long-distance trade, occupational specialization, a governing class, and urbanism. Aside from these core elements, a civilization is often marked by any combination of a number of secondary elements, including a developed transportation system, writing, standardized measurement,
currency, contractual and tort-based legal systems, characteristic art and architecture, mathematics, enhanced scientific understanding, metallurgy, political structures, and organized religion.