Shawn asked in Social ScienceAnthropology · 8 months ago

Curious about the transition to state-level societies using Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley. ?

My uncle and I had a conversation about archaeology and his time in the field. Seemed very interesting, although I asked him some questions that he couldn't answer - so I decided to take it to the net. 

How do archaeologists characterize what they call ‘complexity’ and the transition to state-level societies?


*in not using

1 Answer

  • 8 months ago

    Civilization refers to human cultures that are complex in terms of technology, science, and division of labor. They are often measured by their progress in agriculture, long-distance trade, occupational specialization, a governing class, and urbanism. Aside from these core elements, a civilization is often marked by any combination of a number of secondary elements, including a developed transportation system, writing, standardized measurement,

    currency, contractual and tort-based legal systems, characteristic art and architecture, mathematics, enhanced scientific understanding, metallurgy, political structures, and organized religion.

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