who choose the president in the US if the popular vote isn't countable, I mean I am not an American but I don't know how it works the system?
- CliveLv 71 month ago
Electors do. The US constitution requires that the states choose electors, altogether there are 538 of those, and they elect the president. Together they are called the electoral college, but that phrase isn't actually in the constitution so I won't use it either.
Each state has two electors plus its share out of the remaining 436 according to its population (and for this purpose, DC counts as a state), provided that each state has at least one more. So the smallest number of electors a state can have is 3, and California, with the biggest population, has 55.
Each candidate's party will choose party members from each state to be their electors. Then there is the election in November and in each state, that decides whose list becomes the state's electors. Nearly all states go for "winner takes all" - whoever gets most votes in the state gets ALL the electors. Then the electors vote a month later but as they should all vote the way they're told, the result in November when the people vote will tell us who the president is.
It's done this way to make a small bias towards the smaller states. When the constitution was written, the small states wouldn't agree to it without that. That's why they all have two just for being a state and only the rest go on population.
So if you watch the results coming in on election night, the thing to watch out for is the electoral votes. With a total of 538, half of that plus 1 = 270, so if a candidate gets 270, you know they've won even if all the states haven't been counted yet.
- Anonymous1 month ago
The way it works is that each state gets a number of "electoral votes" equal to its number of federal legislators (each state gets two Senators in the upper house and then a number of Congressmen in the lower house based on it's population. So every state has at least three votes). Washington DC, the national capitol, which isn't part of any state, also gets a number of votes equal to what it would have if it were a state. In each state, the candidate who gets the largest share of the popular vote (not necessarily a majority) will get all of the electoral votes for that state. (this is how we can have a situation like 2016 where Trump get less of the vote than Clinton but still ended up winning. She won big victories in a small number of states and he won small victories in a larger number of states). Two states, Nebraska and Maine, do things slightly differently and award votes based on who won each of their Congressional districts (But in practice they almost always go entirely for one candidate). There are 538 electoral votes in total and a candidate needs at least 270 to win.
- SocratesLv 71 month ago
The states actually vote for the president. However, the population of states is factored in to the equation. Something called the Electoral College is used to elect a president. It is just votes allocated to states. Each state has electoral votes equal to their representation in Congress. This ranges from 3 on up, depending on how many Representatives they have in the House of Representatives, which itself is based on the relative population of a state to a given formula.
A popular vote is held in a state for president. This determines which candidate wins the most Electoral votes. Some state have a winner-take-all allocation of Electoral votes. Some states divvy up votes proportionally to candidates according to their popular vote to one degree or another.
Ultimately, the candidate who wins the most Electoral votes from all the states becomes president.
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- AustraliaLv 41 month ago
In Australia you spend your money in the cities and ignore the rest of the country. Can't do that in America.